The war in Ukraine has now been going on for more than 100 days with all it entails in terms of humanitarian disaster, geopolitical conflicts, energy crisis, and a looming global financial downturn.
People across the world are feeling the impact of the war and are looking to both governments and companies to act and put pressure on Russia to stop the invasion of Ukraine.
Companies are Expected to Act
As we reported in April, international companies with presence in Russia have been drawn into the conflict. Caliber research showed that 78% of the 3,177 people included in our global survey in 15-25 March expected some sort of active corporate action in response to the conflict.
While most people expected companies to offer humanitarian support, 36% on a global average expected companies to cease operations in Russia. There were, however, clear differences in the market-by-market scores, with expectations of companies to cease operations being highest in UK (50%), US (43%) and France (42%). In China, only 10% of the public took this position.
In our report, we saw that certain industries and companies suffered reputational impact in that initial period, likely due to their reaction (or lack thereof) to the war in Ukraine and their involvement in Russia. Now, roughly 100 days later, we follow up to learn if anything has changed in terms of public perception of these industries and companies.
Value-based Actions and Macro-economic Effects of the War have Impacted Perception of Industries
In March, we saw a clear and immediate effect on public perceptions across industries related to actions taken following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Many industries were impacted negatively, but some industries like Pharma, Big Tech and Retail were rewarded for their quick resolve in taking value-based actions and communicating their intent to exit Russia. For these industries, public trust and affinity levels now stand even stronger than pre-war levels.
On the other hand, Telecom, Banking and Oil & Gas declined in public perceptions when the war in Ukraine broke out. Common for these industries were the large-scale investments many of these companies had in Russia at the time.
Telecom saw some recovery in public perceptions already in April, as all international carriers by that time had exited Russia, though at this point the global industry is not yet back to its pre-war reputation levels. The story is similar for Banking and Oil & Gas. Although most internationals have curtailed operations or exited Russia completely, these industries still haven’t recovered fully since the outbreak of the war.
While most big international players in these industries have by now exited their positions in Russia, the industries continue to suffer a reputation deficit. There could be many reasons for these industries – and the companies that comprise them – to have risen and fallen in reputation over the last 4 months, but it is certainly possible that the affiliation of some Western banks with Russia’s financial maneuvers, and the importance of oil and natural gas as a source of income for Russia, are some of the factors that continue to impact reputations negatively.
Deutsche Telecom only Recovered After Complete Exit
The German telecom giant Deutsche Telecom was quick to communicate its intentions concerning its Russian operations back in February. However, as we reported, the company’s original plans to scale back were not well received by the public.
The company’s reputation plunged 12 points (from 63 to 51 on Caliber’s normative Trust & Like Score scale going from 0-100). Since then, the company withdrew completely from Russia, communicating on 24 March that they would close all activities in Russia. In April, their reputation recovered to pre-war levels.
Shell and BP Avoided Further Reputational Damage
Shell and BP both moved fast to show their intent of divesting completely from interests in Russia. The two companies were among the first internationals to communicate their exit.
This fast resolve did not directly improve the reputation of these companies, but at a period of a raging energy crisis with extreme public and political scrutiny of the energy sector, it served as cushion against further decline in perceptions.
Both companies have seen some recovery of their reputation in May, with BP getting most reputational dividend. The underlying reason for BP’s stronger recovery could be the sizable financial write-down of €24bn it incurred because of its exit. Going against financial self-interest and showing sympathy, political conviction and strong humanitarian values resonates across the broad base of stakeholders.
Speed of Action, Clear Communication and Values are Key Mitigating Factors
Overall, the above companies are strong examples of the impact a response (or lack thereof) to a major geopolitical incident can have on corporate reputation. Those reacting quickly and firmly have been rewarded immediately through stronger or sustained perceptions in the public. Conversely, those wavering or lagging in their decision-making suffered negative impact on their reputations.
Actions or inactions in situations like the Ukraine war matter greatly to public perceptions, as they put on display the real values of a company. In times of war people react emotionally and expect companies to do the same. There is very little room for rational explanations of business intentions, and companies risk eroding trust if they do not communicate their plans quickly.